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ASAP U.S. Government & Politics by Princeton Review

ASAP U.S. Government & Politics by Princeton Review

Author:Princeton Review
Language: eng
Format: epub
Publisher: Random House Children's Books
Published: 2018-01-30T05:00:00+00:00

Congressional Powers

The Constitution grants certain powers to Congress. These powers are described in Article I, Section 8.

Throughout U.S. history, Congress has gained further powers relating to spending. The Budget and Impoundment Control Act (1974) gave Congress the power to stop the president from impounding (withholding) funds from programs that the president did not like.

Army v. Militia

The framers of the Constitution felt the need to distinguish between an “army” and a “militia” due to their experience leading up to the Revolutionary War. The framers worried that by maintaining an army of professional soldiers led by highly trained elite officers, like the British did in the colonies, the American government would pose a threat to individual freedoms. Further, they viewed the capacity for all citizens to unite in armed conflict as required for maintaining personal liberty (thus the Second Amendment). As a result, the Constitution distinguishes how and when the Congress may raise an army comprised of professional soldiers, as opposed to how and when they may raise a militia comprised of citizen soldiers (in modern terms, this is the National Guard).


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